Bacteria In Water

Bacterial Contamination in water

bacteriaThere are a number of single celled organisms referred to as bacteria that are present in water like rivers, lakes and dams.
 The more still the water, the higher the bacterial content.
 Many of these are harmless to humans, but some of them can cause serious problems- mostly intestinal problems.

The most common are Coliform bacteria.
Faecal Coliform usually come from faecal contamination from warm blooded animals.

How often have you seen animals in the water in streams and lakes?

Escherichia coli (or E.coli) is a rod shaped bacteria that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract and hence are present in the faeces.
The higher the levels, the more toxic it becomes.

Consumption of, or even coming in contact with, infected water may cause a variety of illnesses that can vary from mild gastrointestinal discomfort right through to serious dysentery.

A weakened immune system, as in the elderly or in the underdeveloped immune system of the very young, can also complicate the illness.

Health Departments monitor the levels of bacteria before giving out their drinking  water alerts.

The usual treatment is boiling, then allowing it to cool down before drinking or cooking with it.

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Biofilm In Water

Biofilms

  • Biofilm almost always consists of rich mixtures of many species of bacteria, as well as fungi, algae, yeasts, protozoa, other microorganisms, debris and corrosion products.
  • Biofilm microorganisms will often stick together and also to a surface.

  • The cells are often embedded in a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) which is also referred to as slime.
  • Biofilms are involved in a wide variety of microbial infections which involve urinary tract infections, middle ear infections and a whole variety of other conditions.

 

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First Aid

First Aid Kits

First aid kits are a must when travelling as you never know what emergency may arise.

Cuts and abrasions

Spider bite

Snake bite and lots of other things which might require some form of treatment until you can get to a hospital or doctor

I suggest first of all purchasing a First Aid manual so you know what to do

St.John’s Ambulance have a very good one but there are others.

I would also encourage attending a first aid course so you have hands on experience on what to do

What you need in a First Aid Kit depends on where you are going

A Small First Aid Kit would include the followingSmall First Aid Kit
K158 Bum Bag QTY

Medical Bum Bag 1
No. 13 Wound Dressing 1
Conforming Bandage – 5cm x 1.5m 1
Heavy Crepe Bandage – 10cm x 1.5m 2
Triangular Bandage Non Woven – 110cm x 100cm 1
Combined Dressing – 10cm x 10cm 1
Lite Dressing – 7.5cm x 5cm 1
Plastic Dressing Strips – 25 Pack 1
Survival Thermal Blanket 1
Key Ring CPR Mask 1
Paper Tape Wrapped – 1.25cm x 9.1m 1
Eye Pad Strerile Single Use 2
Sodium Chloride Steri Tube – 15ml 2
Nitrile Powder Free Blue Gloves – 2 Pack 1
Alcohol Wipes – 10 Pack 1
Tweezers – 7.5cm First Aid – Small 1
Scissors – 7.5cm First Aid – Small 1
Re-sealable Bags – Disposable Use – 3 Pack 1
Safety Pins – 12 Pack 1
First Aid Notes Instructions 1

If you are going to a more remote area you will need a larger kit

K1666 – First Responder Advanced Kit QTYlarge first aid kit
Large First Responder Bag Red 1
Conforming Bandage – 2.5cm x 1.5m 3
Conforming Bandage – 5cm x 1.5m 3
Heavy Crepe Bandage – 7.5cm x 1.5m 3
Heavy Crepe Bandage – 15cm x 1.5m 1
Heavy Crepe Bandage – 10cm x 1.5m 4
Calico Triangular Bandage – 110cm x 110cm 5
Combined Dressing – 10cm x 10cm 2
Combined Dressing – 10cm x 20cm 1
Combined Dressing – 20cm x 20cm 1
Combined Dressing – 20cm x 43cm 1
No. 13 Wound Dressing 2
No. 14 Wound Dressing 2
No. 15 Wound Dressing 2
Lite Dressing – 7.5cm x 5cm 3
Non Adherent Dressing – 10cm x 10cm 2
Non Adherent Dressing – 10cm x 20cm 1
Basic Dressing Pack 4
Burn Dressing – 75cm x 75cm 1
Burn Gel Dressing – 10cm x 10cm 2
Burn Gel Sachet – 3.5ml 10
Gauze Swab – 7.5cm x 7.5cm – 3 Pack 4
Cotton Applicators – 100 Pack 1
Fabric Dressing Strips – 50 Pack 1
Butterfly Closures – 10 Pack 1
Nitrile Powder Free Blue Gloves – 2 Pack 6
Dressing Roll – 7.5cm x 1m 1
Zinc Strapping Tape – 2.5cm x 5m 1
Paper Tape Wrapped – 1.25cm x 9.1m 1
Paper Tape Wrapped – 2.5cm x 9.1m 1
Eye Pad Single Use – Sterile 5
Sodium Chloride – 15ml Steritube 5
Povidine Iodine Swabs – 100 Pack 1
Antiseptic Spray – 50ml 1
Eye Wupe Rubber Ends 1
Vomit Sick Bag – 3 Pack with Wipes 1
Alcohol Wipes – 100 Pack 1
Penlight Diagnostic Examination Torch 1
CPR Pocket Mask 1
Scissors Surgical – 125mm – Sharp Blunt 1
Tweezers – 125mm – Fine Point 1
Power Shears – 18cm 1
Safety Pins – 12 Pack 1
Splinter Probes – 5 Pack 2
Sharps Container Small – 10 Needle 1
Survival Thermal Blanket 2
Instant Ice Pack 1
Pack of 3 Disposable Bags 2
Biro 1
Note Book 1
Sam Splint – 9 inch 1
First Aid Booklet and Instructions 1
Torch LED 1
Whistle 1